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Programming language: Shell
License: Apache License 2.0
Tags: DNS    

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README

🥇 Maza was Top 1 in Hacker News

Comments: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=22717650

A command to squash all ads in all browsers

sudo maza start

Like Pi-hole but local and using your operating system.

Simple, native and efficient local ad blocker. Bash script compatible with MacOS, Linux and BSD.

  • You don't have to install any browser extensions or applications, you just use the tools of your operating system.
  • You update the list of DNS to be blocked with a single command.
  • It affects any browser or software installed.
  • Pure Opensource.
  • Just bash.

Help me continue to improve

📟 Commands

📡 Update database

maza update 

🔨 Start

sudo maza start 

🛠 Stop

sudo maza stop 

⚖️ Status

maza status 

⚙️ Install

😥 Requirements

  • bash 4.0 or higher
  • curl
  • Only macOS users, gsed: brew install gnu-sed

Then you do this.

curl -o maza https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tanrax/maza-ad-blocking/master/maza && chmod +x maza && sudo mv maza /usr/local/bin

Optional but recommended, make a backup of your hosts file.

sudo cp /etc/hosts /etc/hosts.backup

🤖 Auto update of domains to be blocked

Open your cron.

crontab -e

Add the following line at the end.

@daily maza update

🔪 Uninstall

sudo rm /usr/local/bin/maza && sudo rm -r ~/.maza

DNSMASQ

Unfortunately the hosts file does not support sub-domains (wildcards), which is necessary to correctly filter all DNS. You will need to install locally a server for that purpose, Maza supports the Dnsmasq format.

MacOS

Linux

MacOS

0 Update Maza

maza update

1 Install

brew install dnsmasq

2 Configure

Edit the file.

/usr/local/etc/dnsmasq.conf

Add the following line at the end.

conf-file=(your user path)/.maza/dnsmasq.conf

Example

conf-file=/Users/myuser/.maza/dnsmasq.conf

Start DNSMASQ.

sudo brew services stop dnsmasq
sudo brew services start dnsmasq

3 Tell your OS to use your DNS server

Delete the list of macOS DNS servers and add the 3 addresses. The first one will be your local server, and the other 2 belong to OpenDNS, which you can use any other.

127.0.0.1
208.67.222.222
208.67.220.220

Refresh your DNS cache

sudo dscacheutil -flushcache; sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

4 Restart/Start Maza

sudo maza stop
sudo maza start

Linux (Debian/Ubuntu)

0 Update Maza

maza update

1 Install

sudo apt update
sudo apt install dnsmasq

2 Configure

Edit file in path.

/etc/dnsmasq.conf

Add the following line at the end.

conf-file=(your user path)/.maza/dnsmasq.conf

Example

conf-file=/home/myuser/.maza/dnsmasq.conf

Start DNSMASQ.

sudo systemctl stop dnsmasq
sudo systemctl start dnsmasq
sudo systemctl enable dnsmasq

3 Tell your OS to use your DNS server

3.1 Gnome Shell

In Gnome Shell, open Settings->Nework. Click in your connection.

Add your local server (dnsmasq), and the other 2 belong to OpenDNS, which you can use any other.

127.0.0.1,208.67.222.222,208.67.220.220
3.2 KDE Plasma

In KDE Plasma, open Settings->Nework->Connectios. Click in your connection and tab ip4.

  • Method: Automatic (Only addresses).

Add your local server (dnsmasq), and the other 2 belong to OpenDNS, which you can use any other.

  • DNS Servers: 127.0.0.1,208.67.222.222,208.67.220.220.

4 Restart/Start Maza

sudo maza stop
sudo maza start

Bonus: dnsmasq is in charge of solving all DNS

Add in configure file: /usr/local/etc/dnsmasq.conf

no-resolv
server=208.67.222.222
server=208.67.220.220

Bonus: dnsmasq have localhost domains

If you want all your .localhost domains, for example, point to localhost add in configure file: /usr/local/etc/dnsmasq.conf or /etc/dnsmasq.conf.

address=/.localhost/127.0.0.1

⚠️ CAUTION

  • Only compatible with Linux and macOS operating systems.
  • Remember to make a backup copy of /etc/hosts in case of unforeseen circumstances, neither the project nor its author will be responsible for any possible repercussions derived from not carrying out this action.

🧑‍🎨 Credits

Andros Fenollosa